From the Kurukshetra, the place where the great war happened, archaeologists have uncovered some iron arrows and spearheads with the use of thermoluminescence that dates back to 2,800 B.C.E., which is approximately the time when Mahabharata happened. Winter lasts from December to February, with December usually being the coldest month of the year. Researchers said that events in Mahabharata are accurate, because of planetary positions and astronomic events that were described in the Mahabharata. The professor makes a vital observation saying that this greyware points the period to be around 720 BC but since all the samples are contaminated with rootlets, this cannot be an acute value. The Mahabharata discloses a rich civilization and a highly evolved society, which though of an older world, strangely resembles the India of our own time, with the same values and ideals. According to the Mahabharata, a huge flood forced the people of Hastinapur to move to Kaushambi. They found a big strata of clay and crystallized green glass, fused or melted at its epicenter. The great epic of the Mahabharata is never complete without Hastinapur. Bricks around this epicenter were also melted on one side, characteristic of an explosion. They are… The Kailash Parvat premises are home to several Jain temples, including Yatri Niwas and Bhojanshala. Both, Arjuna and Karna, are described in the text as level-headed warriors with great will power, patience, tolerance, and sagacity. Based on the relics recovered, he had termed the period painted grey ware (PGW) culture, and had said that this was the earliest common … [7] It is a small township re-established by Jawaharlal Nehru on February 6, 1949, located at 29°10′N 78°01′E / 29.17°N 78.02°E / 29.17; 78.02. If only we would allow it. Lal, Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India. A mighty city, elephantine in strength, with its own large army of elephants or hasti as they are called in Sanskrit. It … After the battle of Kurukshetra, the Pandavas settled in Hastinapur. [22], Situated in the historic location of the ancient city of Hastinapur, the Pandeshwar temple is dedicated to Shiva. Fought for by the Pandavas, the city was named after the Kuru King Hastin. [2] Hastinapur has also been known by other names, such as Gajapuram, Nagapura, Asandivata, Brahmasthalam, Shanti Nagaram and Kunjarpuram, in different ancient texts.[3]. One of these was the painted greyware pottery that’s made of very fine clay and is unique to this region. If there be a word for the most incredible tale ever told – then it is … Varnavat – Situated on the banks of river Ganga, it is a city located near Meerut in Uttar Pradesh. Equally intriguing is our tradition of healing and health. One of the students asked him a pointed question, whether his experiment was the first nuclear explosion of the world. The Mahabharata or Mahābhārata (US ; [1] UK ; [2] Sanskrit: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam, pronounced ) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. History. The Hastinapur mentioned in Mahabharata might have been the capital of the Kurus. The soil layers revealed various periods of settlement with time gaps in between. A great city of power and wealth which the Kauravas ruled. [3]The Mahabharata is an epic narrative of the Kurukshetra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pandava princes. It is also mentioned in the Ramayana (2:68), the 13th and 14th verses of which say (translated): "Having crossed Ganga River at Hastinapura, they proceeded towards the west and, reaching Panchala kingdom through Kuru Jangala and observing well-filled lakes and rivers with clear water, the messengers mentioned above went briskly, due to the pressing nature of their mission.". It is believed to be the birthplace of three Jain Tirthankaras. Krishna ‘idling’ in Hastinapur for 7-8 days, as stated by Shri Phadnis, is not a speculation of these Mahabharata researchers. For instance, Hastinapur is in UP with multiple evidence of Mahabharata in Hastinapur. But in that pursuit the cultural relations of archaeology have changed, thereby opening the possibilities for exploring the dates of Mahabharata somewhere between 1100 BC and 2000 BC. Kurukshetra where the war actually happened is in present-day Haryana very near to Delhi. Recently ASI archaeologist B.R. Shortly after the Manhattan Project, Dr. Oppenheimer, addressed the students of the Rochester University. The Shivling inside the Karna Temple is believed to be established by Karna, one of the prominent figures in the Mahabharata. The monsoon season is from July to September, during which the temperature is relatively low. [23], The Karna Temple is located near the Pandeshwar temple on an old ravine along the bank of the Ganges. During the month of Kartika, Lord Krishna went to Hastinapur just before the war. These excavations revealed objects of everyday use – … The NH-58 between Delhi and Merrut is a nightmare to drive. Yet, there are so many evidences that show our mythologies are, in fact, ancient history. Many incidents in the Mahabharata were set in the city of Hastinapur. Fortunately, there is a transcript which tells us that there is a connection … Legend has it that in the Mahabharata period, Pandu's eldest son Yudhishthira, had established the shivalinga at the Pandeshwar Mahadev temple before the war of Mahabharata and prayed to Shiva for a blessing of winning the war. Several years later, when Devavrat had grown up to be an accomplished prince, Shantanu fell in love with Satyavati. It is a 46-metre-high (151 ft) structure dedicated to first tirthankara Rishabhnath. The Udyoga Parva of Mahabharata portrays that, not long before the War, Lord Krishna went to Hastinapur in the month of Kartika and on the day when the moon was at the asterism Revati. All these make the astras appear to be special weapons of mass destruction, beyond our comprehension today. Many incidents in the Mahabharata were set in the city of Hastinapur. This cautious, measured response of Dr. Oppenheimer, which has been recorded for posterity, makes one wonder if he believed that in an earlier civilization, there could have been a nuclear capability. Vichitravirya's two widows begot of Vyas two sons, Dhritrashtra and Pandu. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Hastinapur is located on the right bank of the Ganges river. The literacy rate of the town was 73.9% against the national average of 59.5%. Lal had revealed that around 800 BC a heavy flood in the Ganga had destroyed a considerable portion of the settlement. Indraprastha is referenced in the Mahabharata, a Sanskrit Indian text compiled over a period approximately between 400 BCE and 400 CE. Dwarka is located on Gujarat coast. Mani made a presentation titled Magadha and Mahabharata : Archaeological indications from Rajgir Area (via Carlos Aramayo) at the International Seminar on Mahabharata held in New Delhi in April 2012. Although the main aim of this excavation, according to Lal himself, was to determine the stratigraphic position of Painted Grey Ware concerning other known ceramic industries of the early historical period, Lal found correlations between the text of the Mahabharata and the material remains that he unearthed at Hastinapur. For instance, Hastinapur is in UP with multiple evidence of Mahabharata in Hastinapur. There is similarity in the name. The main temple is believed to have been built in 1801 under the aegis of Raja Harsukh Rai, who was the imperial treasurer of Emperor Shah Alam II. Thousands of years ago, our ancient sages unlocked techniques and wisdom to maintain holistic health. In one of their excavation sites, they found evidence that suggests the ancient town may have been ruined by a powerful blast. This thought is further substantiated by the vivid descriptions of the astra (a missile powered by a holy incantation) and their capabilities. A history that can hold a mirror to our present times, our beliefs, and behaviors. He responded thoughtfully: “Well …. Furthermore, he pointed out that the Mahabharata mentions a flood and a layer of flooding debris was found in Hastinapur. Excavation began in 1950 under the renowned archaeologist Prof. B.B. Wanna know all the secrets to the best lifestyle? Centuries later, in independent India, a city near Meerut was selected as the site to excavate this ancient city. At one layer at the bottom, there was evidence of riverine soil from the Ganga, pointing to a flood that must have occurred then. New Delhi: From the archaeological remains at Hastinapur and Sanauli, and from archaeologists BB Lal and SK Manjul, the aim to ascertain the exact date of Mahabharata remains the same. [9], According to the 2001 Census of India, Hastinapur had a population of 58,452, with males constituting 53% of the population and females accounting for the remaining 47%. They had obtained these astras  after great penance and austerities. You can click here to buy any of their books on Indian civilization. King Nichakshu reigned in the post-Mahabharata period. There are 150 worldly events in Mahabharata which are mentioned with the planetary place in the sky. Rather, it is the inference drawn based on series of specific Mahabharata text references. The number, colours, shapes, and the rapid speed of individual discharges from each astra as well as the extent of destruction they caused when compared to shastra ( weapons such as mace, swords, spears, bows and arrows) that were handheld by soldiers. Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, director of the Manhattan Project, is credited as being one among others who were the “father of the atom bomb.” He learnt Sanskrit in 1933 and read the Bhagavad Gita in the original. The Matsya Purana and the Vayu Purana state that during the period of King Nichakshu’s rule, there was a great flood in the Ganga which washed over much of Hastinapura. Kurukshetra lies in Haryana, 50 km to … After the death of his second son Chitrangad, Vichitravirya, the youngest, succeeded the throne. According to the Mahabharata, the 100 Kaurava brothers were born in this city to their mother, Queen Gandhari, the wife of King Dhritarashtra. [1] Several claims suggest that the city was named after King Hasti. Manjul said his team was revisiting the findings of BB Lal, had who carried out excavations at Indraprastha and Hastinapur in 1951-52. Thus, he was forced to shift the capital to Kausambi, further downstream and near the banks of the Yamuna. ASI approves archaeologists to excavate Mahabharata's house of lac 'Lakshagriha'. Lai found evidence of 6 levels of living houses (settlements) there. Mahabharata: History or Fiction? Mahabharata, one of the most important Hindu epics, is an account of the life and deeds of several generations of a ruling dynasty called the Kuru clan. Kurukshetra (literally "field of the Kurus"), was the battleground on which this war, known as the Kurukshetra War, was fought. However, he considered his theories to be provisional and based upon a limited body of evidence, and he later reconsidered his statements on the nature of this culture. Lai made excavations in the upper part of the Gangetic plain, where the country called Kuru was located. There are many ancient Hindu temples including Pandeshwar Temple and Karna Temple, as well as Jain temples, such as Shri Digamber, Jain Mandir, Jambudweep, Kailash Parvat, and Shwetambar Jain Temple. [6], Present-day Hastinapur is a town in the Doab region of Uttar Pradesh in India, about 37 kilometres (23 mi) from Meerut and nearly 96 km (60 mi) north-east of Delhi on National Highway 34. For centuries, the Mahabharata and the city of Hastinapur have mesmerized generations. [24], This is a small Gurdwara located in the village of Saifpur, around 2.5 km (1.6 mi) from Hastinapur. In this age of nuclear armaments, it would be wise to study and understand this war and draw lessons from it. The Udyoga Parva of Mahabharata narrates that, just before the War, Lord Krishna, in His final peace mission, went to Hastinapur in the month of … [12] The texts describe the special manner in which these astras were invoked. [5], During British India, Hastinapur was ruled by Raja Nain Singh Nagar, who built many Hindu temples in and around Hastinapura. Hastinapur, described in Hindu texts such as the Mahabharata and the Puranas as the capital of the Kuru Kingdom, is also mentioned in ancient Jain texts. [17][18], Shri Ashtapad Teerth was built under the aegis of Shri Hastinapur Jain Shwetambar Teerth Trust. Even though, in reality with passing time, Hastinapur itself got lost and its existence was doubted. Nearly 65 years ago, between 1950 and 1952, BB Lal of the ASI had excavated the site of Hastinapura, about 18 km from Meerut. [13], Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir is one of the oldest Jain temples in Hastinapur. kings of the 4 dynasties that ruled Hastinapur (up to Vikramaditya) since the reign of Yudhishthir is the most potent evidence that Mahabharat war had happened in 3139 BC. Mahabharata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. I'd like to know more>>. This does lead to an obvious inference. The Mahābhārata (US: / m ə h ɑː ˈ b ɑːr ə t ə /, UK: / ˌ m ɑː h ə ˈ b ɑːr ə t ə /; Sanskrit: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam, pronounced [mɐɦaːˈbʱaːrɐtɐm]) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa. Here are some lesser-known facts: The European researchers, David Davenport and Ettore Vincenti, did some groundwork in and around the site of the ancient civilization of Mohenjo Daro. Hastinapur is a city in the Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The statement from the Purana tallies with the archaeological find of a flood layer, both in site and date. Various cultural events and religious celebrations are held in Hastinapur annually, including Akshaya Tritiya, Das Lakshana, Kartik Mela, Holi Mela, and Durga Puja. It is a sprawling forest, occupying an area of nearly 2,073 square kilometres (800 sq mi).[27][28]. This date corroborates with the date of the ochre collared pottery (2650 BCE). On the bank of the Budhi Ganga, two places near Hastinapur (Draupadi Ghat and Karna Ghat) reference Mahabharata personages. On the bank of the Budhi Ganga, two places near Hastinapur (Draupadi Ghat[4] and Karna Ghat) reference Mahabharata personages. "Excavation Sites in Uttar Pradesh - Archaeological Survey of India", "Distance Hastināpur, Uttar-Pradesh, IND > New-Seema-Puri, New-Delhi, North-East, Delhi, IND - Air line, driving route, midpoint", "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Hastinapur, India", "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)", "महाभारत सर्किट: जितनी ऊपर, उससे कहीं ज्यादा जमीन के नीचे है हस्तिनापुर की वैभवशाली गौरवगाथा", "Major Attractions | Meerut Development Authority", "Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Bada Mandir Hastinapur, Meerut(U.P. Few had astras: Arjuna had such astras on the Pandava side while Karna had them on the Kaurava side. [19], Kailash Parvat is a 40-metre-high (131 ft) structure, constructed under the aegis of Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Hastinapur. [citation needed], Excavations at Hastinapur were carried out in the early 1950s by B.B. [14][15][16] The temple has many other facilities, including, police station, Digamber Jain Gurukul, and a Udaseen Ashram. The first reference to Hastinapur in the Puranas presents the city as the capital of Emperor Bharata's kingdom. In Hastinapur, around 15% of the population was under 10 years of age. The epic Mahabharata is never complete without the mention of Hastinapur – the great city of power and wealth. Shantanu, the king of Hastinapur, was married to Ganga (personification of the Ganges) with whom he had a son called Devavrat. This temple is believed to be the place where Kauravas and Pandavas received their education in Vedas and Puranas. Atomic War evidences, iron weapons, artifacts dated to 5000 years ago found at Hastinapura, Mathura, Dwaraka, Kurukshetra, confirming Epic Mahabharata dates B.B. [10] According to the 2011 Census of India, Hastinapur's population had reduced to 21,249. The presentation slides are colored in such a way that humans cannot read it. Two mounds called Ulta Khera and Raghunathji were excavated in 1920 and various ancient artifacts were recovered from these sites. King Samprati (also referred to as Samrat Samprati), grandson of the emperor Asoka the Great of the Mauryan Empire, built many temples here during his reign. The substance of the Mahabharata is as follows - Shantanu a descendant of Bharat and king of Hastinapur had three sons. However, he points out that the ochre-colored pottery from the same region can be dated all the way back to 2650 BCE. Kurukshetra – This is the battlefield of the Mahabharata war. Even though, in reality with passing time, Hastinapur itself got lost and its existence was doubted. Kurukshetra where the war actually happened is in present-day Haryana very near to Delhi. Legend has it that the Great War of Mahabharata was fought between the Pandavas and Kauravas. The sanctuary extends over a wide area, encompassing the districts of Meerut, Ghaziabad, Gautam Budh Nagar, Bijnore, Hapur, and Jyotiba Phule Nagar in Uttar Pradesh. The ancient artifacts he managed to recover offered evidence of the earliest common pottery connecting all the Mahabharata sites such as Hastinapur, Mathura, Kurukshetra and Kampilya. This city sits on the banks of the Ganga just as Hastinapur did. During this time, temperatures can drop to around 5 °C (41 °F), and don't usually go above 14 °C (57 °F). Yes, in modern times, of course …”. “When the city of Nagasahvaya Hastinapura was carried away by the Ganga, King Nichakshu abandoned it and went to Kausambi.”, Chirtsmas Lessons from Gurudev Sri Sri Ravishankar, Yoga for Children: Playing in Childhood’s Sun, Yoga for Constipation: Stretching towards a cleaner colon. Discover India's spiritual heritage and learn about the mind & breath. ), Jain Mandir, Mandir, Mandir in Hastinapur, Mandir in Uttar Pradesh, Mandir in India, Jain bada mandir in Hastinapura, Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Mandir, Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir", "Welcome to UP Tourism-Official Website of Department of Tourism, Government of Uttar Pradesh, India | Hastinapur", "HereNow4U.net :: Article Archive - The 151-Foot High Ashtapad Teerth in Hastinapur", "WWW.JAINHERITAGECENTRES.COM > Jainism In India > Uttar Pradesh > Hastinapur > Kailash parvat Mandir", "Yudhishthira had established the shivalinga", "Work on Mahabharat Circuit to start soon", "Bhai Dharam Sing Gurdwara - Hastinapur - Bhai Dharam Sing Gurdwara Photos, Sightseeing - Native Planet", "Official Website Of Uttar Pradesh State Tourism Development Corporation Ltd", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hastinapur&oldid=991724576, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 14:16. 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