Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. Known for excellence and quality, Target Academy is an academic coaching institute for physics, chemistry and mathematics. A dozen British officers were killed. In 1824, the sepoys of Barrakpore did not agree to proceed to Burma as their custom was against the crossing of the sea which results in the loss of the caste. All the notes, soft copies, links, helped me to reach where I am today. We had just been fooling around. I just want to say I will always be grateful to you for always being a helping hand to me. Causes for Revolt of 1857: Political Causes: The political causes of the revolt may be traced to the British policy of expansion through the Doctrine of Lapse and direct annexation. The sepoys’ revolts were not a new phenomena and go back to the first decade of the 19th century. Moving back 2 centuries, Britishers actually entered India at the start of the 17th century in 1611, and in 1613 with the help of Mughal Emperor in Surat, they established East India Company for trading purposes. the introduction of enfield rifles in the army was the immediate cause because To load the rifle, sepoys had to bite the cartridge open to release the powder.The grease used on these cartridges was rumoured to be made of beef and pork which angered the hindu and the muslims in the army.Mangal pandey revolted by firing at the british officer and started the revolt. Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857. The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. To reduce her now to an agricultural country would be an injustice to India.” While the above was the opinion of a Britisher, Mr. Martin, another Britisher, Mr Cope made the following statement before the Parliamentary Committee in 1840: “I certainly pity the East Indian labourer, but at the same time I have a great feeling for my family than for the East Indian labourer’s family. Secret associations began to form and meetings were held in which. A group of historians and writers has asserted that the Revolt was the result of a widespread and well-organized conspiracy. Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Sooraj Sir has been a guiding angel at every step of my life. 4. The Revolt of 1857 came to an end with the victory of the British. As regards the RebeIlion of 1857, the fact is, that for a long period, many grievances had been rankling in the hearts of the people. • military causes. No single segment of population welcomed the rule of the British by 1857. Child marriage, infanticide and polygamy were not allowed. Also Read: Causes of the Revolt of 1857. CAUSES OF REVOLT. Therefore, it is very significant. ), Very Important Points about the Indian Revolt of 1857. When teachers such as Sooraj Sir are our mentors, the future is certainly as bright as the sun. The revolt was between Indians and Britishers which took place in the year 1857 in North India especially. • social and religious causes. TOS4. The Barons revolted and captured London, forcing King John to draw a negotiation. (iii) Kunwar Singh of Avadh who had carved a base for himself in Azamgarh and Gazipur and breathed his last fighting in May 1858. Content Guidelines 2. Thanks for encouraging and building my confidence. They believed that the government was deliberately trying to destroy their religious and cultural identities. The End of the Revolt and its Significance: Eminent Awards (Part 1): Bharat Ratna & Padma Awards, British India: Administrative, Economic, Educational and Social Policies & Reforms, Paramilitary Forces & Special Forces of India, Syllabus, Important Topics, & Recommended Books, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c5jLn8GgvrU&list=PLZny5GcdWLN55HJ-z0hU83EsSZ32r-o30, A guide, a motivator, a teacher and a counselor, our instructor… Sooraj Sir, Was the Revolt of 1857 the first rebellion against the British in India? The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. He encourages his students to learn the subject by understanding the concept from its core,thereby enabling students to realize their true potential. The event of March 29, 1857 of Barrackpore kindled the spirits of other sepoys and by the 11 May, 1857, almost half of the sepoys joined the great revolt. The bones of cotton weavers are bleaching the plains of India”. Besides the above political and administrative, economic, social and religious grievances, another major cause was the unrest of the sepoys in the army of the British. 2. Sooraj Sir is one who can break the monotony, Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics is so often blamed to cause. There is a view that resentment was brewing since 1832 which took a shape in 1857. The 1857 revolt sowed the seeds of Indian Nationalism. I am glad I met you and came to Target Academy! Every coaching will just teach the technical concepts but there are hardly people like Sooraj Sir, who guide students on how to survive pressure, deal with expectations and still shine bright in this cut throat competition. The mutiny of sepoys started at Barackpore on 29 March, 1857 spread to Meerut by May 1857, and to Delhi by 12 May, 1857. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan admits that during the famines of 1837, many orphans became Christians. Mangal Pandey’s action was not a spontaneous outburst against the British officer but it was a culmination of a simmering discontent brewing in the sepoys. I could study at IIM Indore’s IPM program (the pioneer batch 2011-16) just because of him! It can be conclu­sively said that the discontentment, suspicion, and hatred among all sections and displacement of earlier power structures led to the great revolt of 1857. In this article of Target General Studies, we have covered a very important topic – the Vellore Mutiny and the Revolt of 1857 in British India. The process of learning here was fun, and burden free. South India was compar­atively peaceful because of the lukewarm support to the cause of the sepoys. Further, the abolition of the monopoly of trade in 1813 of East India Company and the introduction of free trade by 1833 increased further the exploitation of the economy of India. Added to this destabilization, the ruination of the Indian industries, handicrafts and agriculture led to rural indebtedness and the growth of daily wage earners and de-industrialization, and the rise of a capitalist class of moneylenders, rich landlords and Zamindars as collaborators of the British rule and hegemony created strong resentment against the British. India as a region has known foreign invaders more frequently than any other region in world history. In 1806, the 4th Regiment rose in revolt against the new turban. Target Academy Rocks!!! The increasing activities of the Christian missionaries and the actual conversions made by them were taken as a proof of this fear. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. He was driven by conviction to bring all the Indian states ruled by local rulers into the fold of British administration. Thank you Sir for the all round guidance in shaping my future. (v) Maulvi Ahmadullah who carried on the revolt around the borders of Avadh and Rohilkhand till his death in June 1858 and Tantia Tope, uprooted from his base on the Jamuna at Kalpi, reached Gwalior in June 1858, crossed the Narmada in October and was captured and put to death in 1859. In 1844, the Bengal army opposed the decision to go to Sind and wage war for the same reason mentioned above. There was a clash between the service conditions and religious practices of the upper caste sepoys due to the policies of the British. The other rebellions had only regional interests of safeguarding one’s own kingdoms. Further, the missionary activities of charitable and philanthropic nature were looked with suspicion as the missionaries used to heckle the Hindus for worshipping many gods and goddesses, and their efforts to convert to Christianity many economically and socially backward community people and in their educational institutions they began to openly canvas about Christianity. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. Also, the import of British Machine to India, the exclusion of Indian sepoys at … Most of all thank you for modeling my values and behaviour. Very soon, the rebellion spread throughout northern and central India. Its cartridges had a greased cover which had to be bitten off before loading the cartridge in the rifle. Important Facts: The revolt was started on 10th May of 1857 … pledged equal treatment to all subjects, whether Indians or Europeans. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Humiliation of the Indian sepoys. The ‘Magna Carta’ means ‘the Great Charter’. (iv) Begum Hazarat Mahal who also escaped to Nepal. Read about the policies followed by the British in India in British India: Administrative, Economic, Educational and Social Policies & Reforms, (Did You Know? All these things cannot be found in any coaching… and this was only possible because of one man… SOORAJ SIR. Image Source: indianstampghar.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/scan00112.jpg. This was my favourite part here. After coming here, the real preparations for exams started. Tara Chand observes, “Each region became, after annexation, a scene of resistance and revolt, in which land holders and peasants were involved and in which the disbanded soldiers of the landlords, the ministers of religion and the dismissed dependents participated”, as a result of the British occupation by annexation. Every extra class was like adding extra marks to our board exams. Thus, by 1857 the situation was very stormy and ready for inflammation by any factor and the greased cartridge affair acted as the last straw on the camel’s back. We focus on students of ISC and CBSE Class XI, Class XII and those preparing for competitive exams. Every lecture was as effective as a world class quality education system. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. What was the Immediate Cause Revolt of 1857? The guilty sepoys were punished severely with 500 to 900 lashes. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the new Enfield Rifle for the first time. The intervention of the British in social traditions by prohibiting the practice of Sati in 1829, passing laws relating to succession of property in 1832 and 1856, Widow Remarriage Act in 1856 and the Religious Disabilities Act of 1856 further strengthened the view of the conservatives that the Hindu religion and customs were being tampered by the British with the specific objective of Christianizing India. This severely hurt the religious sentiments of the sepoys who were mainly Hindus and Muslims. In the end, we may presume that the revolt of 1857 was the result of a culmination of popular dissatisfaction that had been simmering for a long time against the policies of the British in India – expansion, exploitation and economic drain and humiliation of the Indian spirit by advocating the white- man’s civilizing mission – factors of multiple dimension of direct and indirect, long run and short run … Thanks a lot sir for all the love, guidance, and motivation. It exhibited the popular opinion of Indians, and brought together the disgruntled sections of the society. 17. The Revolt of 1857 was sparked because of the use of greased cartridges. Which of the following was not a cause of the revolt of 1857? Definitely the 1857 revolt was an eye-opener to the British as well as to the Indians. All thanks to SOORAJ SIR. In a way, partially the outburst of 1857 was a revolt of the old against the new, of Indian conservatism against the arrogant British hegemony and Christian indoctrination. By July 1858, the revolt was totally crushed but for local risings in certain areas. I have been very fortunate to have him as a guide. In course of time, a vast store of explosive material had been collected. Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, the economic policies of the British resulted in impoverishing all the segments of the Indian society except a handful of collaborators among the Indians. Owing to their colonial policies of economic exploitation, industry, trade commerce and agriculture languished and India became de-industrialized, impoverished and debt-ridden, while, William Bentinck himself admitted that by 1833-34 “The misery hardly finds a parallel in the history of commerce. What is the Magna Carta? Further the latest device of the Doctrine of Lapse implemented by Dalhousie dispossessed a group of native rulers and leaders and they joined hands with the rest of the population. You are TRULY THE BEST! The letter reads as follows: “As all India obeyed one government as in all parts of the country kept up constant communication with the other by means of the electric telegraph – and as the Railway system united the extremes of the Peninsula, it was necessary that there should be one religion also, and therefore that everyone should embrace Chris­tianity”. With Sooraj Sir, you get to explore your strengths and work on your weaknesses. One thing which I can assure you, you will not… Read more “MENTOR”. When it comes to choosing a coaching, there are many that can take away your breath, even in a literal sense they can. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. Failure on the part of the British East India Company in honouring the provision of 1833 Charter Act that “no Indian shall by reason of his faith, place of birth, descent, complexion or any of them, be disabled from holding any place, office or employment under the East India Company”, convinced the educated Indians of the arrogant racial hatred of the British towards the natives of India. It was the first great struggle of the Indians for freedom from British imperialism. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan observes: “All persons, whether intelligent or ignorant, respectable or otherwise, believed that the government was really and sincerely desirous of interfering with the religion and customs of the people, converting them all, whether Hindus or Muhammadans to Christianity and forcing them to adopt the European manners and habits”. The revolt of 1857 was called by many names Indian mutiny, Sepoy mutiny, the first war of independence. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the. _____were the princely states that remained loyal to the British during the revolt of 1857. The Causes Of The Rebellion. 16. Kennedy also observed, “Whatever misfortune may come on us, so long as our empire in India continues, so long let us not forget that our chief work of the propagation of Christianity in the land until Hindustan from Cape Comorin to the Himalayas, embraces the religion of Christ and until it condemns the Hindu and Muslim religions, our effort must continue persis­tently. Revolt of 1857 Important Points Sepoy mutiny started on 10th May 1857 in the cantonment of Meerut. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. It also made the British cautious in their approach to the Indian problem. There were counseling sessions with Sooraj Sir, wherein he would sit for hours and listen to what I had to say, by the end of that session I would be full of motivation and inspiration, equipped with the ideal solution to my problem. All these leaders no doubt were affected by the policies of the British in the last hundred years and had genuine grievance against the British. The article is in continuation of our British India History articles. 3. causes of the revolt of 1857 • political causes. The rebellious army reached Delhi on May 12, 1857. The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. She is a manufacturing country; her manufacturers of various descriptions have existed for ages, and have never been able to be completed by any nation wherever fair play has been given to them. Thanks a lot sir…. (4) Military and the immediate affair of greased cartridges. All these made the Indians come to the conclusion that their religion was in danger and this suspicion aroused the religious and social sentiment of the Hindus against the British. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. In 1215, King John of England had imposed heavy taxes on his barons to fund his foreign wars. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. The peasant and tribal revolts of which we have studied in the previous pages also clearly reveal how the British had to face the opposition of the peasants and the tribal. The Vellore Uprising was preceded by a number of protests by the Indian troops. 11.5. Naturally, this type of reaction is justified as the Indians are the losers and the British gainers. Added to thepolitical and administrative distrust and hatred, the economic exploitation, the social and religious discrimination of superiority complex viewing the Indians as racially inferior and culturally backward and their belief that God had created the white men to civilize the Indians and intol­erance of the idolatry of the Hindus by the Christian missionaries also created distrust between the natives and the British. The Magna Carta has come to be a very powerful symbol of liberty all over the world.). This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. He’s been a role model in my life and I look up to him during my tough times. There was a time when I wanted to drop out of science… After meeting sir, I LOOOVED studying science! Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. He was military reformer but his introduction of Enfield rifles and use of greased cartridges in them became the immediate cause of mutiny in 1857. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. In this revolt, human loss on both sides was considerable. Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . Target Academy is undoubtedly the BEST coaching in Lucknow. Contents Causes of Sepoy Mutiny Leaders of Sepoy mutiny Repression by the British What were the causes of Sepoy Mutiny or Revolt of 1857? Grievances of the educated Indians. The British were rude and used abusive and insultive language. The Indians in general did not accept the administrative changes initiated and implemented, as most of them were alien in nature and replaced the age-old existing rules and regulations. The feelings of the revolt of 1857 was a clash between the conditions! Loss on both sides was considerable amazing personality, full of knowledge the feelings of the lukewarm support to Indian! 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